Below you will find a recent article from the New York Times on aging and transportation. Charlottesville is a far cry from San Diego, but transportation remains a huge issue for our seniors despite a respectable public transit system and a fairly compact area within which many desirable destinations can be found.
My parents struggled with transportation issues in their last years, 2000 through 2009. They lived in a suburb in the northeast that had no public transportation. The grocery store was a mile away as the crow flew, and twice that distance by car. The drug store was on the way to the grocery store, but required a left-hand turn across a busy street in order to get there, and there was no drive-through pharmacy window. Dad’s church was about four miles away. Their doctors were scattered all over the area, the nearest one probably six miles away. Mom drove right up until the day she had her massive stroke that killed her, but the car bore the evidence of her increasing difficulties judging where the car was compared to where the wall of the garage was, or where the next car was parked in the parking lot. That burgundy Subaru was renamed “The Raisin” by its next owner, in honor of the dents and creases creating car wrinkles.
My beloved auntie had lived in New York City for over fifty years when she decided that was too difficult. Never a car owner or a driver, she had to walk four blocks and cross six lanes of traffic to get to the nearest grocery store, and walk four blocks on either end of a subway ride to get to the doctor. When she moved to a continuing care community here in Virginia, she was delighted to find that the CCC bus would take her to the grocery store twice a week, and that the doctor came into the residents’ clinic 2-3 times each week. Where she was stymied was in getting to the theater for plays and musicals, her passion. As her mobility deteriorated, she had to hire and bring along her own aide to assist her with her walker, and later with her travel wheelchair.
My mother-in-law lived with us until very recently. She used JAUNT to get to the grocery store, the hairdresser, the Senior Center, out to lunch, and to doctor appointments. She learned to work with JAUNT’s scheduling system, but often, by the time her plan was reaching fruition, she lacked the energy to carry through with the reservation she’d made, and paid the $1.50 without having ever taken a ride. She had no problems with waiting for the return trip except for the one time that the return trip didn’t happen because the driver went to the wrong grocery store location to pick her up.
My neighbor has begun to ask for help getting to local doctor appointments because he can no longer walk from the parking area to the nearest wheelchair. He could probably walk to the nearest bus stop, but would be so exhausted by the time he reached his destination that he would not be able to focus on his medical issues when he arrived.
Transportation challenges become the most daunting issues in aging. Transitioning from automobile-based transportation to public or quasi-public transportation means one has to build in walk and/or wait times at either end of a trip, wait times that far exceed the time you might otherwise spend parking and walking to and from your store. Public transportation in our area does not operate on a schedule that can incorporate an evening theater performance, or a dinner out with friends. There is no more quick run to the grocery store, or the pharmacy, or to the hardware or home improvement store when you’ve discovered you need a tool or hardware you don’t have for the project on which you are working.
Like the couple in the story below, one has to learn a whole new, planful approach to life that can become a real stressor in the years that you supposedly have earned, in which you should be able to relax and do what you most like to do. And when you get to your shopping destination, how will you reach, and carry the items you wish to purchase? How will you move from store to store in the shopping mall? How will you get from your airline gate to the restroom when your travel attendant has parked you at the gate and there is a new, 2-hour delay to your flight?
I invite you to read this article and to comment on the gaps in transportation you’ve experienced, so that CvilleVillage can plan to meet your needs so that you can comfortably age in your home and in your community. — Helen
By HARRIET EDLESON OCT. 17, 2014 from the New York Times online
For Roland Dion, 81, who lives on the eastern edge of San Diego, being isolated in a place where the car rules is all too real a possibility.
“Out here, it’s cars,” Mr. Dion said. “Cars, cars, cars, cars.” Doctor appointments, grocery shopping, movie theaters, even reaching the beach from where the Dions live all require a car. “If you don’t have a car, you’re stranded,” said Mr. Dion, a retired marriage and family therapist. He and his wife, a master weaver, moved to California 38 years ago from Connecticut.
While he still drives 16 miles — on three freeways — to writers group meetings, he has decided the time has come to plan for a carless future.
On a recent Thursday afternoon he took a first step in that direction. He and his wife, Rosemarie, also 81, drove to the Grossmont trolley station, part of the Metropolitan Transit System, and rode the green line toward Old Town, where they spent part of the day exploring. They traveled in a group led by Judi Bonilla, a gerontologist and founder of We Get Around. The organization is a fledgling nonprofit that promotes the use of public transportation for adults who believe they may be near the end of their driving days.
But in places like San Diego, the transition is not an easy one. From their home, the nearest bus stop is a mile walk. “I can still do it,” Mr. Dion said. But his wife cannot.
“All of this is well and good while you have your health,” he added. Yet, he allowed, “You can’t do all the things you used to do.” The Dions contemplate relocating but so far haven’t taken any action.
“She likes San Diego,” Mr. Dion said of his wife. “I don’t know anyone in Connecticut anymore.” Their grown children live in San Francisco and Illinois.
The situation the Dions face now is likely to become more common as aging baby boomers age even more. During retirement planning, transportation is often an afterthought. Yet, figuring transportation into plans is essential, experts say.
According to the American Journal of Public Health, Americans are outliving their ability to drive safely — a woman, on average, by 10 years, a man by seven. Over all, the ability to drive safely as one ages depends on health. Some people can drive into their 90s while others begin to cut back at 65.
And yet, most people prefer not to think about the day when they have to rely on others or use public transportation for routine activities. “People avoid the topic,” said Beth Shapiro, a licensed clinical social worker in Rockville, Md., who runs the Jewish Social Service Agency’s “To Drive or Not to Drive” program.
“When people make retirement plans, they make no transportation plans because they assume they’re going to drive forever,” said Katherine Freund, founder and president of the Independent Transportation Network, a nonprofit organization that provides rides for older adults, with 27 affiliates throughout the country. Nationally, for those over 65, 2 to 3 percent of what distance they travel is on public transportation, 8 percent on foot and the rest by car, Ms. Freund said:
Not driving by choice is different from realizing you are no longer fit to drive. Deciding to drive less typically happens incrementally. People might decide to stop driving at night to unfamiliar places, for instance. But regardless of the reason, not driving can limit your autonomy, even your social life, depending on where you live.
Even in places like Washington, D.C., which has a strong public transportation network that extends into suburban neighborhoods, it can be “that last mile” that is the hardest, Ms. Shapiro said. “You can get most of the way there.”
But getting from public transportation to your final destination or walking a mile or more to a bus stop could present an insurmountable challenge, especially on freezing winter days or hot, muggy stretches, she said. For some, getting on and off buses could be an obstacle.
When planning ahead, think about whether you prefer to stay in your community, plan to downsize or will relocate. According to a 2014 AARP study, by age 65 and older, 87 percent of people want to remain in their current community as they age. Financial and family considerations play a role in decisions about where to live.
“If you’re 55, you have to project out into the future,” Ms. Bonilla said.
In car-oriented areas like San Diego, people often rely on a network of family and friends for transportation. But there aren’t always younger family members available to drive those in their 80s and 90s. Sometimes, family members live in another city or state.
Transportation is the second highest household expense after housing, according the Office of Planning, Environment and Realty, which is part of the Department of Transportation’s Federal Highway Administration.
Those living in households that are car-dependent spend 25 percent of income on transportation. By living closer to work, shopping, restaurants and other amenities, households can reduce transportation costs to 9 percent of their total income.
The Independent Transportation Network requires riders to fund a personal transportation account in advance; riders receive a monthly statement detailing all payments — charges that are often lower than using taxis. Drivers assist riders in reaching their destinations and with packages. No money is exchanged during the ride and tips are not permitted.
Potentially filling the void are a number of new transportation services that provide rides for a fee, including Uber, Lyft and Sidecar. Some senior housing communities have shuttle buses that take residents to medical appointments; each one is different, so it is important to check when you are considering places to live.
Whatever decision you make about where to live and transportation, here are some guidelines from experts:
ANALYZE your current neighborhood in terms of where you typically need and want to go, and determine how you might reach those places if you weren’t driving. Include leisure activities like classes, entertainment and simply meeting friends. “Think about how you’re going to do that when you can no longer drive,” Ms. Bonilla said. “Lay out a grid and see how far these trips are from your home. That will determine where you live, whether you stay in your home.”
LOOK AT the social support where you live. “Think about your network of friends, family, fraternal and faith-based organizations because those are the places where you have established relationships,” said Ms. Bonilla, who is 57.
If you plan to continue driving, AAA offers resources like making sure your car suits you ergonomically and information about renewing your driver’s license where you live.
CONSIDER becoming a volunteer driver through an Independent Transportation Network affiliate as Jacqueline Masumian, 67, a retired landscape designer from Westport, Conn., has. “I chose to make a plan if I become incapacitated or my eyes fail me,” said Ms. Masumian, who lives with her husband. By driving others, she builds credits for rides if the day comes when she is no longer able to drive. “Here it would be impossible to live without a car,” she said. “If I’m old and alone I thought I’d like to have somebody drive me around.”
Joel Beckoff, who turns 59 this month, also volunteers as a driver once a week through the Coastal Connecticut affiliate of the Independent Transportation Network. A certified public accountant who worked for various corporations during his career, Mr. Beckoff retired a year ago. He doesn’t expect to use the stored driving credit, but “it’s nice to know it’s there,” he said. He and his wife, Arline, have considered moving to Manhattan someday, where public transportation seems limitless, compared with most places in the country. “When I can no longer drive, I don’t expect to be living in suburbia,” he said.